Robots as Media 6575 - NMDS 5282 - A
School of Media Studies
The New School
Spring 2016

Instructor: Peter Asaro asarop AT
TA: Jelena Gregov gregj672 AT
Time: Thursday, 6:00 - 7:50 pm
Location: 6 East 16th Street

Course webpage is here:

Course blog is here:

Course Description

As robots begin to move outside of factories and into a variety of new roles--from vacuuming floors to performing surgeries, disarming bombs, and driving cars--it is clear that they represent a radical new form of mediated information and agency. Predator drone robots have become the primary tool of the U.S. government in its war on terror, and, at the same time, journalists continue to refer to military robots as "Terminators." These observations raise the question of how our ongoing development and use of robotic media is being shaped by media representations of robotics. This course examines the complex relationship between robots and the media, from both the perspective of representations of robots in the media--including film, television, and news media--and the development of robots as a new form of media. In the first part of the course we consider the types of narrative roles that robots have occupied, as well as how the concepts of robotics and automation are reflected in the social and cultural contexts in which those media are produced. The second part of the course explores recent developments in robotics as forms of digital media, both continuous with and distinct from other types of digital media. We assess how contemporary debates about the potential uses and social impacts of robotic media intersect with popular narratives about robotics, both pessimistic and optimistic. The class also considers what makes contemporary discourses on robotics unique, and what that might tell us about contemporary society and culture. Course materials include readings from a variety of popular, academic, and literary sources--among them texts by Katherine Hayles, Ken Goldberg, Rodney Brooks and Philip K. Dick;and video clips from TV and films including Blade Runner, Robo-Cop, Battlestar Galactica, Surrogates, and Fast, Cheap and Out of Control. Students are expected to produce a short mid-term, and longer final assignment--either a research paper, film or digital media project.

OFFICE HOURS: By Appointment

Please email me to setup an appointment.



Class Attendance & Participation 30%
Blog Entries & Comments: 20%
Research Project Idea: 5%
Research Project Proposal: 10%
Research Project Presentation 10%
Final Research Project: 25%

Class Attendance and Participation: 30%

You are expected to have thoroughly and thoughtfully read the assigned texts, viewed the assigned videos, and to have prepared yourself to contribute meaningfully to the class discussions. For some people, that preparation requires taking copious notes on the assigned readings; for others, it entails supplementing the assigned readings with explanatory texts found in survey textbooks or in online sources; and for others still, it involves reading the texts, ruminating on them afterwards, then discussing those readings with classmates before the class meeting. Whatever method best suits you, I hope you will arrive at class with copies of the assigned reading, ready and willing to make yourself a valued contributor to the discussion, and eager to share your own relevant media experiences and interests. Your participation will be evaluated in terms of both quantity and quality.

As this is a seminar, regular attendance is essential. You will be permitted two excused absences (you must notify me of your inability to attend before class, via email). Any subsequent absences and any un-excused absences will adversely affect your grade.

Blog Entries & Comments: 20% (+ up to 10% extra credit)

You will be required to make weekly blog entries commenting on the readings for the week. You will be required to create an account on WordPress (if you do not already have one), and send me an email with your LoginID and the EMAIL ADDRESS used to create the account, so that you can be added as an author for the collective course blog. Everyone will be posting to a common blog page, and this will be readable by your classmates. When writing and making comments, you are expected to treat other students with the same respect and courtesy as you should in the classroom.

You are also expected to read the posts of your classmates, and encouraged to comment on other people's posts each week. Posts will not be graded (they will receive 2, 1 or 0 points based on timely completion), but the TA and I will read them and occasionally comment on them. There will be 10 posts through the semester, thus 20 points, constituting 20% of your grade.

Comments are strongly encouraged, and you can receive up to 10 points (extra credit) for each substantial comment (paragraph or longer) that you make on someone else's post.

Blog posts will be due before the start of each class. They are time stamped when you post them, and late posts will only receive half credit (1 point).

Research Project Idea: 5%
Research Project Proposal: 10%
Research Project Presentation 10%
Final Research Project: 25%

Research Project Idea Due: March 3
Length: 300-500 words (approx. 1 page)

Research Project Proposal Due: March 31
Length: 500-2000 words (approx. 1-4 pages)

Research Project Presentation: May 12

Final Project Due: May 15
Length (media project description): 500-3000 words (approx. 1-10 pages) + Media Project
Length (research paper option): 3000-5000 words (approx. 10-18 pages)

There will be no final exam. Instead, a final research project will be required. There are 2 options: Research Paper Option, and Media Project Option.

Final Project will be due shortly after the last day of class. If that deadline will not work for you, you need to make other arrangements one week in advance, at the latest. We will try to set aside time in the last day(s) of class for presentations of final projects. These will not be graded but will offer an opportunity for feedback before submitting your final project.

Project topics can address any aspect of the topics and materials discussed in class. Projects should include materials beyond what is directly covered in class, as appropriate for your topic. In other words, they should require research. The blog will provide many ideas for projects, as will class discussion. You will be asked to submit a short description of your Project Idea early in the semester, and will receive feedback on it.

Later in the semester you will have to write a more formal Proposal for your project, based on feedback and further research. Project proposals should state the research question, problem, or phenomenon that will be the focus of your research. It should also state your thesis or position on the issue, as well as outline the argument you will use to support your position.< This applies to both papers and media projects. You should also indicate the sources and materials you will consult and utilize in making your argument and producing your final project. For the Media Project Option, you should state as clearly as possible what you intend to deliver for the final draft (i.e., video length, style, format, content; website; set of infographics, etc.).

Final Project Presentations will occur on the last day of class. These should be short 5-10 minutes summary of your research paper or project, allowing 5-10 minutes for discussion. Group projects can be presented collectively.

Research Paper Option
This will take the form of a 3000-5000 word (Times New Roman, 12pt font, double spaced) term paper. You should draw upon sources from the course readings as well as beyond the course readings. You should cite your sources properly.

Media Project Option
Media Projects can take the form of film and video pieces, audio documentaries, websites, interactive media, performance pieces, infographics, a social media campaign strategy, or other ideas. In addition to the actual media product, you will need to submit your Idea, Proposal, and a Final short written piece explaining your project, its motivations, methods and what you did to realize it.


Most of the films and TV programs that will be assigned are available from a variety of sources. Many are available through the New School Library on DVD. In addition, they can be purchased from most book or video stores, rented from most video shop, or found through Netflix. For the videos which cannot be obtained easily in these ways, other means will be provided for you to view these films prior to class.

If you are intersted in focusing on robots in cinema or TV for your final project, you will find many films and scholarly papers discussing them on a previous syllabus for this course:



All readings will be available electronically, via the web, in PDF, MS Word, HTML, or similar format.


Week 1: January 28
Course Introduction

Course Syllabus Overview

How to create a WordPress Account, and make a Blog Entry

Watch In Class: Honda: Living with Robots, YouTube, 9 min.

Watch In Class: The New Rules of Human/Robot Society, PBS Offbook, 9 min.


Turing, A. M. (1950) "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," Mind 59, pp. 433-460.

Ashby, W. R. (1952) "Can a Mechanical Chess-player Outplay its Designer?," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 3(9), pp. 44-57.


Part I: Our Robotic Future: Hopes & Fears

Week 2: February 4
The AI & Robot Revolution


John Markoff (2015) Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots, Chapters 1 and 2, Harper Collins, pp. 1-63

David A. Mindell (2015) Our Robots, Ourselves: Robotics and the Myths of Autonomy, Chapter 1, Viking Press, pp. 1-16.

Illah Nourbakhsh (2013) Robot Futures, Chapter 1, MIT Press, pp. 1-17.

Watch: Rodney Brooks says robots will invade our lives, Ted Talk 2003, 19 min.

Watch: BBC Horizon, Where's My Robot?, BBC, 2008, 50 min.


Nicholas Carr (2014) The Glass Cage: Automation and Us, Chapters 1, 2 and 3, Norton, pp. 1-63.

Bill Gates (2007) "A Robot in Every Home: The leader of the PC revolution predicts that the next hot field will be robotics," Scientific American, January 2007.

Hans Moravec (2009) "Rise of the Robots--The Future of Artificial Intelligence," Scientific American, March 23, 2009
Hans Moravec (2001) "Robots: Re-evolving Minds at 10^7 Times Nature's Speed," Cerebrum 3 (2), Spring 2001, pp. 34-49.

Hans Moravec (1999) "The Age of Robots", Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 127-162.

Richard Dempewolff (1949) "Robots ARE People!" Mechanix Illustrated, March 1949.

D. S. Halacy, Jr. (1953) "Our Heartless Friends the Robots," Popular Electronics, May 1963.

Lester David (1953) "The Robots Are Coming!" Mechanix Illustrated, December 1953.

O. O. Binder (1957) "You'll Own "Slaves" by 1965," Mechanix Illustrated, January 1957.

William Tenn (1958) "There Are Robots Among Us," Popular Electronics, December 1958, pp. 48-52.

(1968) "The Robots are Coming, the Robots are Coming!"Time Magazine, June 14, 1968.

Steven K. Roberts (1982) "The Robotics Revoultion, Will You Survive?" Mechanix Illustrated, September 1982.

David D. Thornburg, (1983) "The Robots Are Coming," Compute Magazine, Issue 36, May, 1983, p. 28

ModernMechanix Blog, "Robots"


Week 3: February 11
The Power of Algorithms


Frank Pasquale (2015) The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information, Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4, Harvard University Press, pp. 1-139.


Jerry Kaplan (2015) Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence, Chapters 4 and 6, Yale University Press, pp. 19-31, 95-106.

Greg Elmer (2004) Profiling machines: Mapping the Personal Information Economy, Chapters 1 and 3, MIT Press, pp 1-27, 52-71.

Week 4: February 18
Technological Unemployment


Erik Brynjolfsson & Andrew Mcaffee (2011) Race Against the Machine: How the Digital Revolution is Accelerating Innovation, Driving Productivity and Irreversibly Transforming Employment and the Economy, Digital Frontier Press, pp. 1-76.

Martin Ford (2015) Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future, Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4, Basic Books, pp. 1-128.

Brian Merchant (2015) "Fully Automated Luxury Communism," The Guardian, March 18, 2015.

Khannea Suntzu (2016) "Basic Income is certain, but 'they' will wait as long as the can to implement it," IEET, January 29, 2016.

David H. Autor, "Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 29, Number 3, Summer 2015, pp. 3–30.

Watch: "The Last Job on Earth," The Guardian, 2016.

Watch: Humans Need Not Apply, YouTube video, 15 min.

Watch: The Future of Work Discussion, Davos World Economic Forum


Basic Income Earth Network website.

E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class, Vintage Books, 1966, pp. 521-602.

Steven Jones, Against Technology: From the Luddites to Neo-Luddism, 1996.

David F. Noble (1995) Progress Without People: New Technology, Unemployment and the Message of Resistance, Toronto, Canada: Between the Lines Press.

Herbert A. Simon (1965) "Chapters 1 and 2", The Shape of Automation for Men and Management, New York: Harper & Row, 1965, pp. 1-52.

John Markoff (2015) Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots, Chapter 3, Harper Collins, pp. 64-94.

Jerry Kaplan (2015) Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence, Chapters 8 and 9, Yale University Press, pp. 131-187.

Week 5: February 25
Automation Effects


Nicholas Carr (2014) The Glass Cage: Automation and Us, Chapters 6, Norton, pp. 125-152.

Illah Nourbakhsh (2013) Robot Futures, Chapters 3 and 4, MIT Press, pp. 49-83.

Bruce Schneier (2015) Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World, Part 1, W.W. Norton & Company, pp. 1-90.


Martin Ford (2015) Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future, Chapter 10, Basic Books, pp. 249-280.

Robert J. Thomas, "Technology as a Power Tool: Technology Choice in an Aircraft Company," In What Machines Can't Do: Politics and Technology in the Industrial Enterprise, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1994: 41-87.

Watch: Paul Verhoeven, RoboCop, MGM, 1987, 102 min.

Watch: Ron Howard, Gung Ho, Paramount, 1986, 112 min.

Robert F. Arnold, "Termination or Transformation? The "Terminator" Films and Recent Changes in the U. S. Auto Industry," Film Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 1 (Autumn, 1998), pp. 20-30.

Richard Powers, "What is Artificial Intelligence?", Op-Ed, New York Times, February 5, 2011.

David F. Noble, "A Technology of Social Production: Modern Management and the Expansion of Engineering", In America By Design: Science, Technology and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1977, pp. 257-324.

Lewis Yablonsky, Robopaths: People as Machines, Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books Inc., 1972.


Week 6: March 3
Risks & Superintelligence
Paper Proposals Due


Nick Bostrom (2014) Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers Strategies, Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, Oxford University Press, pp. 52-126.

Bruce Schneier (2015) Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World, Part 2, W.W. Norton & Company, pp. 91-154.


Asaro, P. (2001). “Techno-prophesy: Fantasy or Theology?” A Review of Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind by Hans Moravec, in Minds and Machines, February 2001, 11 (1), pp. 143-147.

Dylan Matthews, "I spent a weekend at Google talking with nerds about charity. I came away … worried." Vox, August 10, 2015

Watch: James Cameron, The Terminator, Orion Pictures, 1984, 107 min.

Watch: Wally Pfister, Transcendence, 2014, 119 min.

Week 7: March 10
Autonomy & Agency


David A. Mindell (2015) Our Robots, Ourselves: Robotics and the Myths of Autonomy, Chapters 6 and 7, Viking Press, pp. 191-229.

Langdon Winner (1977) Autonomous Technology: Technics-out-of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought, Chapters 1, 5, 6, 7 and 8, MIT Press, pp. 173-335.

Asaro, P. (2001). “Techno-prophesy: Fantasy or Theology?” A Review of Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind by Hans Moravec, in Minds and Machines, February 2001, 11 (1), pp. 143-147.

Dylan Matthews, "I spent a weekend at Google talking with nerds about charity. I came away … worried." Vox, August 10, 2015

Watch: "The Terminator and the Washing Machine", New York Times Retro Report, March 7, 2016, 11 min.

"Amazon Echo home-alone with NPR on got confused and hijacked a thermostat"


John Brockman (ed.) (2015) What to Think About Machiines That Think: Today's Leading Thinkers on the Age of Machine Intelligence, Selections, Harper.

Latour, Bruno (1996) Aramis: or The Love of Technology, Harvard University Press.

Watch: Michael Crichton, Westworld, MGM, 1973, 93 min.

Week 8: March 17
A Way Forward?


Frank Pasquale (2015) The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information, Chapters 5 and 6, Harvard University Press, pp. 140-218.

Bruce Schneier (2015) Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World, Part 3, W.W. Norton & Company, pp. 155-238.

"Amazon Echo, Home-alone with NPR on, Got Confused and Hijacked a Thermostat"


Nicholas Carr (2014) The Glass Cage: Automation and Us, Chapters 7 and 9, Norton, pp. 153-176, 211-231.

Illah Nourbakhsh (2013) Robot Futures, Chapter 6, MIT Press, pp. 109-120.

Spring Break March 19-27
Week of March 24

Part II: Applications and Their Issues

Week 9: March 31
Automating the Environment
Guest Lecturer


Duffy, Rosaleen (2014) "Waging a war to save biodiversity: the rise of militarized conservation," International Affairs 90(4), pp. 819-834.

Ottinger, Gwen (2010), "Constructing empowerment through interpreatations of environmental surveillance data," Survellance & Society, 8(2), pp. 221-234.

Clemens Driessen and Leonie F. M. Heutinc (2015) "Cows desiring to be milked? Milking robots and the co-evolution of ethics and technology on Dutch dairy farms," Agriculture & Human Values (2015) 32, pp. 3–20.

Watch: Karin Brulliard (2016) "These undercover robot animals are helping in the hunt for poachers," Washington Post, February 24, 2016.

Watch: Airware UAS (2015) "Poachers Beware: Airware Demonstrates a Drone to Protect African Rhinos," YouTube, 4 min.

Oliver Payne (2015) "Drones Can Curb Poaching, But They’re Much Costlier Than Alternatives," National Geographic Magazine, May 23, 2015.


Rebecca L. Schewe and Diana Stuart (2015) "Diversity in agricultural technology adoption: How are automatic milking systems used and to what end?"Agriculture & Human Values (2015) 32, pp. 199–213.

Nicholas Mirzoeff (2014) "Visualizing the Anthropocene," Public Culture 26(2), pp. 213-231.

Gabrys, J. (2012). "Sensing an Experimental Forest: Processing Environments and Distributing Relations," Computational Culture, September 28, 2012.

White, Rob (2014), "Environmental insecurity and fortress mentality," International Affairs, 90(4), pp. 835-851.

Week 10: April 7
Drones & Targeted Killing


The Drone Papers, The Intercept, October 15, 2015.

"The Assassination Complex", "The Kill Chain,"

Glenn Greenwald (2016) "Nobody Knows the Identities of the 150 People Killed by U.S. in Somalia, but Most Are Certain They Deserved It," The Intercept, March 8, 2016.

Peter W. Singer (2009) "Coming Soon to a Battlefield Near You: The Next Wave of Warbots," in Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century, New York: Penguin Press, 2009, pp. 109-134.

Paul Sharre (2011) "Why Unmanned," Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 61, pp. 89-93.

Grégoire Chamayou (2011) "The Manhunt Doctrine," Radical Philosophy, Volume 169, Sep/Oct 2011.

Watch: "Drone Controllers Execute Hellfire Strike from Predator UAV," 2 min. (2009)

Watch: Omer Fast (2011) 5,000 Feet is the Best, 30 min. [select from "Omer Fast" and "Videos" menus]

Watch: Faultlines (2011)"Robot Wars," Al Jazeera English, 30 min.


Philip Alston (2011) "The CIA and Targeted Killings Beyond Borders,". New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers. Paper 303.

Text of the Attorney General's National Security Speech, March 3, 2012.

Philip Alston (2010) "Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Study on targeted killings,"United Nations, May 28, 2010.

Niklas Schoernig and Alexander C. Lembecke, "The Vision of War without Casualties: On the use of casualty aversion in armament advertisements," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 50 No. 2, April 2006 204-227.

Watch: Drone (2014), 138 min., available on Netflix

Watch: Frontline (2009)Taking out the Taliban: Home for Dinner, PBS, 5 min

Watch: Frontline (2011) Kill/Capture, PBS, 60 min.


Week 11: April 14
RoboSexuality, Fetish and the Uncanny Valley
Guest Lecturer


Watch In Class: Peter Asaro, Love Machine, Kaiczech and Savario, 2001, 110 min.

Peter Asaro and Katie Vann (2008). "Pornomechanics: Sex Robots and the Mechanisms of Love," in Johannes Grenzfurthner, Günther Fieslinger and Daniel Fabry (eds.) prOnnovation? Pornography and Technological Innovation, San Francisco, CA: RE/Search Publications, pp. 16-29.

Monica Rozenfeld (2016) "In the Future, People Will Form Ormantic Relationships with Robots," IEEE Institute, March 4, 2016.
Allison De Fren, ASFR, 2001, 7 min.

Allison de Fren, "Technofetishism and the Uncanny Desires of the A.S.F.R. (," Science Fiction Studies, 2009, 36: 404-440.

David Levy (2011) "Ethics of Robotic Prostitution," Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics, MIT Press, pp. 223-231.

Evan Ackerman (2012) "Animatronic Robot Baby Cannot Be Unseen," IEEE Spectrum, January 21, 2012.

Watch: "Watch Humanity Fall in Love with a Robot Garbage Can"


Brian Fung (2012) "The Uncanny Valley: What Robot Theory Tells Us About Mitt Romney," The Atlantic, January 31, 2012.

Allison de Fren, "The Anatomical Gaze in Tomorrow's Eve," Science Fiction Studies, 2009, 36: 235-265.

Jane O'Sullivan, "Virtual Metamorphoses: Cosmetic and Cybernetic Revisions of Pygmalion's "Living Doll," Arethusa, Volume 41, Number 1, Winter 2008, 133-156.

Watch: Allison De Fren, The Mechanical Bride, rough cut, forthcoming.

Watch: David Levy "Love and Sex with Robots" Interview, The Colbert Report, 2007.

Watch: Errol Morris, Fast, Cheap and Out of Control, Sony Pictures Classics, 1997, 80 min.


Week 12: April 21
Robot Companions: Emotions, Eldercare & Childcare
Guest Lecturer


Aimee van Wynsberghe (2011) "Designing Robots for Care: Care Centered Value-Sensitive Design," Science and Engineering Ethics.

Shannon Vallor (2011) "Carebots and Caregivers: Sustaining the Ethical Ideal of Care in the Twenty-First Century," Journal of Philosophy of Technology, 24, 251-268.

Judy Wajcman (2014) Pressed for Time, "Chapter 5: Doing Doemstic Time," University of Chicago Press, pp. 111- 135.

Noel Sharkey and Amanda Sharkey (2010) "The crying shame of robot nannies: an ethical appraisal " IS.

Amanda Sharkey and Noel Sharkey (2010) "Granny and the robots: ethical issues in robot care for the elderly," Ethics and Information Technology.

Sherry Turkle, (2006) "A Nascent Robotics Culture: New Complicities for Companionship," AAAI Technical Report Series, July 2006.

Interview with Sherry Turkle "What Will Love Come to Mean?"

David Hansen, "Why We Should Build Humanlike Robots", IEEE Spectrum, April 1, 2011.



Watch: Craig Gillespie, Lars and the Real Girl, 2007, 106 min.

Watch: David Hanson: Robots that "show emotion", 2010 TED talk, 5 min.

Watch: Caleb Chung plays with Pleo, 2010 TED talk

Fellous, J. M. (2004) "From Human Emotions to Robot Emotions," American Association for Artificial Intelligence Spring Symposium 3/2004, Stanford University Keynote Lecture.

Sloman, A. and M. Croucher (1981) "Why Robots Will Have Emotions," Proceedings of IJCAI, Vancouver.

"Emotion" MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.

"Emotion" in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Week 13: April 28
Autonomous Weapons & Arms Control


Watch: Alex Rivera, Sleep Dealer, Likely Story, 2008, 90 min.

Shane Harris (2012) "Out of the Loop: The Human-free Future of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles," An Emerging Threats Essay, Hoover Institution, Stanford University.

Peter Asaro and Gerhard Dabringer (2010). " Military Robotics and Just War Theory," in Gerhard Dabringer (ed.) Ethica Themen: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Unmanned Systems, Interviews, Vienna, Austria: Austrian Ministry of Defence and Sports, pp. 103-119.

Peter Asaro (2008) "How Just Could a Robot War Be?" in Philip Brey, Adam Briggle and Katinka Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing And Philosophy, Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Publishers.

Armin Krishnan,"Dangerous Futures and Arms Control," in Killer Robots: Legality and Ethicality of Autonomous Weapons, London: Ashgate, 2009, pp. 145-167.

Richard Norton-Taylor and Rob Evans, "The Terminators: drone strikes prompt MoD to ponder ethics of killer robots," April 17, 2011, The Gaurdian.

Mark Anderson, "How Does a Terminator Know When to Not Terminate?", May 2010, Discover Magazine.

Ben Austen, "The Terminator Scenario: Are We Giving Our Military Machines Too Much Power?", January 13, 2011, Popular Science.

Owen Bowcott and Paul Lewis, "Attack of the drones," January 16, 2011, The Gaurdian.


International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC) website.

Ron C. Arkin (2007). Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture, Part I. Motivation & Philosophy,GVU Technical Report GIT-GVU-07-11, pp.1-8.

J. Borenstein (2008) "Ethics of Autonomous Military Robots," Studies in Ethics, Law and Technology, 2 (1), pp. 1-17.

Rob Sparrow (2007). "Killer Robots," Journal of Applied Philosophy, Vol. 24, No. 1, 62-77.

Week 14: May 5
Domestic Drones, Surveillance & Privacy


Ryan Calo (2012) "Robots and Privacy," Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics, MIT Press, pp. 187-201.

Ryan Calo (2011) "The Drone as Privacy Catalyst," Stanford Law Review Online, 29, December 12, 2011, pp. 64.

American Civil Liberties Union (2011) Protecting Privacy From Aerial Surveillance: Recommendations for Government Use of Drone Aircraft, ACLU, December 2011.

Jennifer Lynch (2012) "Are Drones Watching You?" Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Brian Bennett (2011) "Police employ Predator drone spy planes on home front," Los Angeles Times, December 10, 2011.

Alberto Sanfeliu, et al. (2010) "Infuence of the Privacy Issue in the Deployment and Design of Networking Robots in European Urban Areas," Advanced Robotics, 24 (2010) 1873-1899.

Mark Corcoran (2012) "Drone journalism takes off," ABC Australia News, February 21, 2012.

Spencer Ackerman (2011) "Occupy the Skies! Protesters Could Use Spy Drones," Wired Dangerroom, November 17, 2011.

Ryan Gallagher (2012) "Surveillance drone industry plans PR effort to counter negative image," The Guardian, February 2, 2012.


"Unblinking eyes in the sky," The Economist, March 3, 2012.

Watch: "Protester Films Polish Riots Using Drone 2011" YouTube, 3 min.

Meghan Keneally (2012) "Drone plane spots a river of blood flowing from the back of a Dallas meat packing plant," Daily Mail, January 24, 2012.

Watch: "Citizens Shoot Down Animal Rights Group's Surveillance Drone" The Blaze, 3 min.


Week 15: May 12
Final Project Presentations

Sunday, May 15, 7pm
Final Papers & Projects Due